News ID: 123823
Publish Date: 06 August 2008 - 07:16
Investigations indicate that younger people, women, singles, divorcees, versus other groups, incline to assess life’s stresses with extreme sensitivity. Because of unknown reasons, a more percentage of women were attacked by depression, and women- men ratio in industrial countries is 2 to 1 (Brown and Harris 1978). Because women of devotion have a very effective role in family formation, and training children, and from this aspect that women are exposed to stress more than men, and their psychological condition may change because of self-sacrifice, and they are attacked by mental and nervous disorders, and its negative consequences collar their children, husband, family, society and so on. A question that is propounded is, which stage devout woman place in, and which strategies there are for preventing subsequent problems?
Investigations indicate that younger people, women, singles, divorcees, versus other groups, incline to assess life’s stresses with extreme sensitivity. Because of unknown reasons, a more percentage of women were attacked by depression, and women- men ratio in industrial countries is 2 to 1 (Brown and Harris 1978). Because women of devotion have a very effective role in family formation, and training children, and from this aspect that women are exposed to stress more than men, and their psychological condition may change because of self-sacrifice, and they are attacked by mental and nervous disorders, and its negative consequences collar their children, husband, family, society and so on. A question that is propounded is, which stage devout woman place in, and which strategies there are for preventing subsequent problems?

Necessity of this project
To consider this point that women shoulder a very effective role in family circle and society, and because their mental disorders can result in marital problems and various sentimental problems in children; from other hand, women’s handicap can be a problem for family forming, therefore, in the process of investigation it was necessary that we consider problems of such women, and society’s proper role in decreasing of this class’s mental disorders. Because such a research hasn't been performed ever, its necessity becomes more overt in order to be useful to prevention, teaching and treatment.
A brief look at text
Imposed war of Iraq against Iran has left many mental and material handicapped. There are many researches about the effect of war in creating mental disorders. Especially after the World War 1 and 2, Vietnam War, Korea war, war of Arabs and Israel, extensive researches have been performed on soldiers, military officers in various countries, that all are indicative of various effects of war and front on behavioral and mental reactions of people. In short, phenomenon of war hasn’t had equal effects on all; as in aforementioned wars, only 10 percent of people have been attacked by intense mental, behavioral and sentimental disorders.
According to performed studies, mental effects of war are observable in 3 forms:
First: the short-term effects such as fear, sleeplessness, depression, stress and so on.
Second: the long-term effects, that according to war investigations, sometimes mental problems of war have continued 40 years after war. For example, researches of Lopec Veratriz( 1981- 1982) shows that years after war, soldiers have had meaningful differences in establishing social relations, friendly and close relations, explaining of feelings, confiding in others, and controlling of nervous shocks, versus normal people.
Third: the postponed effects: sometimes mental signs and stress relapse years after war, because of encountering a stimulant that is reminiscence of war.
According to the said matters, devotees of imposed war encounter a lot of difficulties because of two reasons. From one hand, these dears encounter special difficulties of their own class, which can affect negatively on devotee’s relations in family and society. From other hand, as good as public, they encounter daily problems of life, social crises and poverty of lower classes and so on.
No doubt, thoughts of family members are factors of provider of inner health. If inner relation of family is in such a manner that results in stress of family members; it can become the source of many mental, behavioral and personality problems for them. The Researches have shown that younger people, single women and divorcees versus other groups, incline to assess life’s stresses with extreme sensitivity. (Kohlberg and Kusterg)
Conclusions
According to statistical study, this project has had good effect on the process of restoration of the nervous and mental handicapped. In spite of existence of executive and administrative problems; whether in whole or in parts and elements f restoration, this project could do a great deal to sample group’s devotees? Although, we encountered many problems and difficulties in this project, such as to loss some devotes in sample and control groups because of its longitudinal method, sample and control groups were available continually for treatment team in any two provinces in one year old process of study, and all prearranged programs in publication of restoration were executed.
Results of statistical tests are indicative of this fact that, during one year old activity of restoration, the handicapped of control and sample groups could achieve outstanding success in various axes of restoration. These differences totally were meaningful. We point some statistical results:
1) Comparison of sample and control groups at the end of experimental project in Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad, indicated that sample group had meaningful difference with control group, in all axes of restoration. (s=7/51, c<0/05)
Also, at the end of project, sample group showed outstanding progress and their changes were meaningful, versus their mental and social conditions at the beginning. (s=10/24, c<0/05)
Also, an assessment was performed in the various axes of family relations, treatment, job and educational compatibility, education and social activities, that we see summary of its results:
t- Test, between average of sample group in first and final assessments in Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad showed that this group have progressed meaningfully in axes of improving family relations, versus the first condition. Therefore, relation of devotee with her family and relatives has improved under protection of activities of treatment and restoration team. (s= 7/51, c<0/05)
Comparison of average of treatment progress element in devotees of sample group in this province is indicative of meaningful progress, and this point shows the attempt of this project in treatment and restoration of them. (s= 6/36, c<0/05)
Job incompatibilities are from main axes in restoration. Comparison of sample group’s condition with itself after the length of project shows meaningful difference.
Province of Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad, with employment opportunities, could increase the quantity of employment and job- professional compatibility. (s=3/26, c<0/05)
T-Test between average of sample group with sample showed meaningful difference in the element of education and training improve in Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad. This difference is indicative of success of considerable numbers of sample group’s devotees, who were guided to education and training by sympathetic counselors during project execution. (s=7/5, c<0/05)
Useful and positive social measures too are from important axes of restoration, that sample group in Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad showed a meaningful difference after execute the project. Harmonic and wholesale measures of professional unions in devotees’ foundation pave the way for improving and developing culture of devotion in society, and by this means, they achieve their high place.
Investigation of devotees’ conditions in control group of Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad indicates that, during few last years, devotees’ foundation have attempted actively in order to solve their problems, and T-Test shows a meaningful difference in mental and social compatibility of devotees, even in control group. Although, difference of the average is not very big, and totally comparison of two sample group indicates that devotees of sample group have achieved overt differences in all axes of restoration versus their first condition. But this difference has been very little in control group. A matter concluded from it is that now speed of movement and improvement of mental, social compatibility is not sensible with daily slow activities, but execution of restoration programs had speeded up this movement.
2) Comparison of sample and control groups at the end of experimental project in Khuzestan has shown that sample group in this province had meaningful difference with control group in all axes of restoration, too.
T-Test in comparison with sample and control groups of Khuzestan in the beginning of project hadn’t shown a meaningful difference.
As assess and comparison of results at the beginning and end of project, indicated meaningful differences in devotees of sample group, and this matter became clear that execution of restoration project in this province that was successful too, could do great deal to mental and social compatibility of devotees in this province. (s=5/54, c<0/05)
In this province too, assesses in fivefold elements of family relations restoration, treatment, job-professional compatibility, training, education, and social activities were performed, that its statistical results are hereafter described:
T-Test, in comparison of average of sample group with sample between the first and final assess showed meaningful difference; counsel, social working, and visit house, and totally restoration measures of treatment team have affected impressively on improvement the family relations.(s=5/2, c<0/05)
In treatment axis, we can see this very same meaningful difference and diversity in T-Test between average of sample group and sample, and this is indicative of good and regular measures of treatment and restoration team in remedial attending of this group from devotees.(s=5/48, c<0/05)
In axis of job-professional compatibility, this test wasn’t meaningful. During execution of project, although, in dimension of employment and job compatibility, all attempted to present the expected services in publication of project to devotees, with establish organic relation between two unions, unfortunately this success was little.( s=1/68, c<0/05)
Effect of educational activities such as employment wasn’t extensive enough to create meaningful difference between first and final assesses of sample group’s devotees. (s=0/059, c<0/05)
In axis of social and cultural activities too, T-Test between averages of sample group in first and final assess didn’t manifest meaningful difference. (s=1/75, c<0/05)
Table of test in Khuzestan indicates that, in spite of psychological health center’s attempt to harmonization of professional units of this province to harmonic execution of this project, successes were little. Health union and treatment of Khuzestan’s foundation could enjoy cooperation and association of education, employment, culture and art unions for mental, social and employment restoration of sample group’s devotees. This matter is important; if any one of professional unions go into action one by one, without cooperation of each other, it seems improbable that nervous and mental handicapped that has various psychological and social problems, can receive the requisite services from foundation’s treating-supporting activities and can place in the way of restoration.
Devotees of sample group didn’t enjoy restoration program, and received the services solely according to process and rules of welfare foundation. In this group, in assesses performed that we describe shortly hereinafter, T-Test between first and final assess of group didn’t manifest meaningful differences in the element of family relations. (s=0/153, c<0/05)
Also, in the axis of treatment progressions, meaningful differences were not seen in this group of devotees that received the service according to normal process and current instructions. (s=0/86, c<0/05)
In first and final assess, T-Test between averages of control group didn’t manifest meaningful difference in job and professional compatibility. (s=0/83, c<0/05)
During the project, this group didn’t achieve any progress in element of training and educational progresses, and didn’t show meaningful difference versus the first assess. (s=1/49, c<0/05)
The meaningful and overt difference of sample and control groups in Khuzestan at the end of project is indicative of development and progression of sample group’s devotees regarding to restoration’s aims. (s=0/39, c<0/05)
Argument
Statistical Analysis of information received from experimental execution of restoration project in two provinces, Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad, and Khuzestan, is indicative of effectiveness of this project in process of nervous and mental devotees’ restoration.
As we saw, the number of 400 devotees has been placed in two groups by chance, and project was performed according to certain program in two provinces. Finally, the results of project are indicative of project’s both practical and theoretical ability to help mental and social restoration of devotees. Although, it is not necessary to mention that restoration project was contrary to current strategies in devotees’ foundation, and even the current and usual rules and laws of country, because till that time a mental and nervous devotee has found that how more he increase his handicap, social and mental disorders, and by this means he can increase his percent of inability with various methods, he will able to pave the way for receiving material and spiritual supports from devotees’ foundation or other support systems of country. Therefore, he gave aggression in home more than ever, neglected family dignities, didn’t attend importance to his treatment in order to become more ill and unable or seem more disturbed, and if he went to treatment, he enjoyed it as a tool for keeping and improving degree of his handicap and inability. He didn’t attend in work place, and his attendance was useless and sometimes he was considered as a disturber. Employers refused normally accept and employ of this oppressed class. In dimension of training and education, conditions were not better than this, too. Not only these dears didn’t engage in training and education, but also there is not any stimulation and support in these subjects. Unfortunately, in social and cultural dimensions too, mental and nervous devotee was addressed with negative and even abusive titles. There were not any place to participation and progress for them in dimensions of social, cultural and sport. With this description, the oppression of mental devotee in various dimensions of life is overt and clear. Therefore, not only these dears have been the discards of society, and they had not proper place, but also they have been unacceptable in their family, and even sometimes they fall into their disfavor.
To comprehensive and systematic perception and use all possibilities of devotees’ foundation and other support organizations, restoration project plans to develop and improve of devotees in all dimensions of life, whether interpersonal and family relations, or treatment, job and professional compatibility, education and training, and improve their social and cultural place. As it mentioned before, in these subjects it has achieved attention able theoretical, practical and statistical results in the process of project execution. We will point theoretical results hereinafter:
Theoretical results of restoration project in two province, Kohkiluye VA Boyer Ahmad, and Khuzestan:
1- relations of major department of devotees foundation with nervous and mental devotees: although, this department is a basis organization, and its duty is policy making and programming, and totally managing of mental health for devotees especially mental and nervous devotees throughout the country, execution of restoration project, supervision and control of that causes more relations between this organization and provinces’ foundations, especially nervous and mental devotees.
Unfortunately because of shortage of proper perception, sever nervous and mental devotees haven’t had reach to foundation, and devotees’ foundations of provinces too don’t know their addresses, and therefore a number of these dears suffer multiple oppression in rural and distant areas. 2-observation of agents of provinces’ foundations to nervous and mental devotees’ problems:
Gradually, Negative behavioral reactions of these devotees has caused negative perception of agents of provinces’ foundations, and this defective circle caused deprivation of these dears from receiving welfare and treatment services. This matter has had prevalence even about those devotees who haven’t had sufficient information and perception, and even haven’t known administrative organization devotees’ foundation, and haven’t referred that. To execute of restoration project, all agents of foundation are familiarized with devotees’ problems, in various rows, and do their great deal to solve these dears’ problems.
3-group activity of professional team of psychiatry, on mental and nervous devotees’ problems:
As we know, psychotherapy is a group work, that psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, work therapist, engage in treatment and restoration of patient, with an extensive and wholesale look, and consideration of all dimensions of life, and the psychiatrist leads and guides this team. But, unfortunately today there is little cooperation in this complicated work of treatment and restoration of theses devotees, in provinces. Today, devotee’s treatment is done medicate or some other services and finally because devotees’ problems haven’t been solved properly, it caused to relapse the psychological nervous ill. Restoration projects paves the way for group working in treatment and restoration of these devotees, and all members of treatment team plan to all- out solve and treat of social, psychological and family crises of him.
4-Systematic activity of expert unions (employment, culture, health and treatment) on devotees’ problems: to achieve restoration of psychological devotees in general, and establish proper background for psychological, social, job restoration of devotees, all expert unions of health, treatment, education, employment, culture, and art should support harmonically from them, and solve his employment and education problems with the use of medicate, psychotherapy, working. he Should be nourished from the view of culture, because deprivation from cultural coverage, and cultural emptiness are from causes for creating psychological disorders in devotees who have sacrifice themselves in order to keep an improve of that. Restoration project has prepared theoretical and practical backgrounds of execution of restoration in devotees, with help, assist and harmony of all unions.
5- Solve the problems of devotees, in dimension of family, treatment, employment, education and society, in place of their residences: to communicate closely devotee and his family, treatment and restoration team could solve many remedial problems and difficulties of family, job, social and educational relations of devotees and their families. Attendance of psychiatrist and other members of treatment team in devotee’s residence have considerable effects on clear the extent of devotee’s problems and proper solve.
6- Determining unsolvable problems during project: because the passing the long time of illness and suffer its consequences, some of devotees have severe psychological, social and economic problems. In such circumstances, Treatment team had attempted to remove that and arrange their life, with using all the existing possibilities, however some of these problems are so extensive that solving and removing them is beyond of possibilities and authorities of treatment and restoration team. In these circumstances, at least these problems are recognized and announced to foundation.
7- Treatment and restoration at the residence of devotee:
Today, scientists of psychology believe that treat and restoration the psychological patients in their residence, enjoy better quality, effectiveness and impression. However, to consider this project, if we can refuse build and develop full-time nursing homes and hospitals, and take treatment and restoration to society and residence of devotees, we will do a great deal to treat and restore of these dears.
8) Attending of experts of psychological health affairs with devotees’ problems:
Till now, there have not been a treatment and restoration program in devotees’ foundation, till experts of psychological health and restoration team attend with all problems of devotees, and be familiar with him. Therefore, often devotes’ problems have been in one side, and treatment possibilities and expert personnel have been in the other side. So, in some cases they have not addresses of acute devotees. This project helped experts and treatment and restoration team to engage in their own work’s subject and place in the process of treatment and restoration of devotee.
9- Devotee’s feeling of pride and identity in residence, society and neighbors: no doubt, inspection and visit home of devotees, boosts their morale, and makes their family be happy and proud to have such a devotee in family. Unfortunately, in last, because of neglect to this oppressed class, sometimes some people and neighbors too looked a devotee and his family with a crude look. But with execution of project, and continual and regular attendance of experts and agents of foundation in residence of him, these problems have been solved and even devotee’s family are happy and proud to have such a member, after a period of treatment team.
10- Fundamental recognizing of devotee’s identity, and collecting all his anthropology, psychology and psychiatry information:
One of important problems in the dimension of planning and guiding treatment and welfare services to mental and nervous devotees, is the nonexistence of exact information from devote and the kind of his problems in various dimensions of treatment, employment, welfare, livelihood, education and society, that collection of that in the scientific, exact and expert way were not possible. Execution of restoration project prepared very favorable background to exact recognize of devotee from various dimensions, and on the base of statistics, and exact and scientific information, we can prepare short-time and long-time programs for these dears.
11- Becoming directional of services and supports of devotees’ foundation from devotees: no doubt, managing devotees’ affairs is from the most difficult work, and devotees’ foundation wants to attend devotees and solve their life’s problems in various dimensions, with employ of expert forces. However, these services and supports sometimes don’t place in direction of certain aims and aspiration, or at least don’t stable devotee in direction of high aims, psychological and social restoration. To parallel the direction of restoration aims, restoration project attempts to strengthen and lead devotees in direction that they can find their high place in future, besides achieve material and spiritual benefits.
12- To minimize monetary and hospital expenses: execution of restoration projects accord society, decreases heavy expenses of bed and treatment in full-time hospitals, and minimizes the number of hospital beds, restoration centers, and requisite attendance. Devotee receives all treatment, restoration and working services in his residence and place of work, and preserves continuously his compatibility with society.
On the increase process of numbers of hospital beds, nursing and restoration centers during last years, is indicative of heavy monetary and economic expenses, that of course it will be very heavier in future, with this process of program. Experimental project of restoration in two provinces indicated that, in the case of project’s execution, quantity of requirements to centers of nursing and attend minimize, and consequently, its monetary and economic load descends, too.




In final conclusion, we should mention that project of restoration and harmonic-organic activities of treatment team could lead sample group’s devotees to progresses in various axes of improving family relations, treatment and restoration, job-professional compatibilities, education, training, useful and profitable social activities.
Although the restoration is a new idea and an impressive thought about devotees and devotion, and it is the passing of time that prepare the minds of classes of society and the public for a phenomenon of health, treatment and restoration, and pave the way to more development and improvement in ideal aims.
However, we are glad that this project has had positive and useful results, whether theoretical or statistical and practical, during relatively short time. Although there were difficulties in project’s execution, restoration projects can pave the way for active and serious attendance of Islamic revolution’s devotees in stage, and make them unforgettable paragons.

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Writer: Majid Mahmoudi Mozaffar (psychology A.M)
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