News ID: 283044
Publish Date: 14 December 2010 - 11:05
Announcing That Iraq Has Been the Aggressor in the War against Iran
TEHRAN, (SCIB) - In spite of the fact that the Resolution 598 issued by the United Nations Security Council had emphasized on recognizing the beginner of war, there had been no statement that showed that Iraq had been the aggressor in the war against Iran. And after few years on Azar 18th, 1370 [December 9th, 1991] and following the invasion of Iraq to Kuwait, the Secretary - General of the United Nations Organization, international societies and the countries that supported Saddam in the war against Iran announced that the aggressor to Kuwait is the same beginner of war against Iran.

According to the report of Navideshahed; when the imposed war began on Shahrivar 31st, 1359 [September 22nd, 1980] and the wide attacks of Saddam to the border regions in south and west of Iran, the resistance of people and the Iranian combatants prevented the Iraqi forces to move ahead in our country. And in order to break the resistance of people and Iranian combatants, the Ba’th Regime of Iraq used modern and forbidden weapons. And the military officials of Iran started training combatants and established specialized units in every battalion in order to resist against these forbidden weapons. This action was carried out when the Ba’th Regime of Iraq increased using those chemical weapons.
Since the army of Iraq was dependant on the Eastern Europe, this army had a unit under the name of “Chemical Battles”? from the beginning of war. But in spite of the fact that the army of Iran was equipped with western and American military system did not have any experiences regarding such weapons. The army of Iran had merely limited chemical departments.
The expression of “Ch,M,N”? was the abbreviation of three words of Chemical, Microbe and Nuclear weapons. And before the beginning of war, this unit existed in the army of Iran in a very limited form. But following increase of chemical attacks from Iraq during the imposed war, Sepah Pasdaran [The Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution] launched an organization in 1982 that had been named as “Ch,M,R”? which was the abbreviation of Chemical, Microbe and Radio Active.
The Ba’th Regime of Iraq used these weapons in limited scale and as experiments before “Valfajr 2”? Operation”?. But following Iraq’s use from these weapons against the residents of border regions in Piranshahr Region (Haj Omran Base) and some of the high places in western battle fields on Tir 29th, 1361 [July 12th, 1982], the Organization of Battle of Sepah Pasdaran [The Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution] was equipped with “Ch,M,R”? unit in order to resist against the chemical attacks of Iraq.
Since then, Sepah Pasdaran started to obtain equipments for its forces. And any division had one unit and every base had one battalion of equipments for resisting against chemical attacks. And little by little and following increase of use of chemical weapons by the Iraqi forces, these units were expanded to brigades.
The first informal report on the use of Iraq from these weapons has been registered in Shalamcheh Border on Mehr 14th, 1359 [October 6th, 1980]. This chemical weapon had been registered as Mustard Gas. And the first formal report that can be considered as document has been the aerial bombardment of Mehran Region that was done on Dey, 10th, 1359 [December 31st, 1980]. This chemical weapon damages nerves of people and left 40 injured people and 10 martyrs.
“Kheybar”? Operation was the first operation in which Iraq vastly used chemical weapons. And during the imposed war, widest range of use of chemical weapons by Iraq has been in “Valfajr 8”? Operation (The operation of freeing Faav Region) and “Karbala 8”? Operation in the eastern part of Dejleh River in Shalamcheh Region.
According to reports on these chemical weapons and their effects; more than 50 percent of chemical attacks made by the Ba’th Regime of Iraq against Iran had caused damages on skin; 25 percent of them had caused damages on nerves (Tabun, Sarin and unknown elements); 15 percent caused damages in blood of people and 10 percent had the combination of elements that caused suffocation, damages on skin or nerves, damages on min, the elements that caused disability and ruining the system of body, causing fire and in unique cases, the elements have been reported that have been suspicious to be microbe weapon.
Bombardment air planes were the major war equipments that were used for dropping these chemical weapons on different places during the war. It has been also observed in some cases in Khorramshahr City that they used the following weapons in order to spread their chemical weapons: Katyusha, RPG and different mortar shells as well as shells of tanks, shells and some times in grenade. These chemical weapons would be distinguished in the form of chemical clouds with the colors of blue, yellow and orange.
During the eight years of the imposed war of the Ba’th Regime of Iraq against Iran, more than 200 governmental and private countries that were from Europe and America cooperated with Iraq in equipping Iraq with different kinds of weapons, chemical weapons in particular. And among different European and American countries, Germany has been the largest equipper of Iraq with chemical weapons. And it has been registered in the file of war crimes of the Ba’th Regime of Iraq.
In spite of the fact that most of the companies that equipped Iraq with chemical weapons were the German companies; but other countries such as America, England, France, Italy, Russia, Yugoslavia, Switzerland, Finland, Holland, Scotland, Belgium, Sweden and etc. And the related companies to them directly cooperated with Iraq in obtaining materials and production of such type of weapons. These countries had launched factories under the fake title of production of chemical pesticides and insecticides in “Akasheh”? and “Samera”? cities. These countries sent agents to these factories in order to transfer the required knowledge and technology to them and produce different chemical elements that damage skin or causes suffocation and causes problems in breathing and nerves or causes problems for eyes and blood of people and combatants.
After eight years of unequal war of Iraq against Iran, the United Nations Security Council issued the Resolution 598 regarding cease fire in Tir Month of 1367 [June of 1988]. But the formal cease fire between Iran and Iraq occurred on Mordad 29th, 1367 [July 20th, 1988]. The cease fire had occurred after few military operations of Iraq carried out in Iran that resulted in the victory of Iran in “Mersad”? Operation.
Based on the executive article of the resolution of the United Nations Security Council, it was decided that a committee was formed in the United Nations and the aggressor country would be recognized and announced and also the amount of damages would be identified. It had been also decided that an international fund would be predicted for helping to the people who had been damaged by the war of Iran and Iraq. But unfortunately, this fund was never launched and there was only one article of the resolution that came to the action. And it was exchanging the war captives between the two countries of Iran and Iraq.
In spite of the fact that “Article 6”? of Resolution 598 issued by the United Nations Security Council stated that the beginner of the war should be recognized and announced; but there had been no statement that showed that Iraq had been the aggressor in the war against Iran. As a matter of fact and after few years on Azar 18th, 1370 [December 9th, 1991] and following the invasion of Iraq to Kuwait, the Secretary - General of the United Nations Organization, international societies and even the countries of the region that supported Saddam in the war against Iran announced that the aggressor to Kuwait is the same beginner of war against Iran.
It was years after that when America intended to omit Saddam who had not use for him any more. By the excuse of existence of chemical and nuclear weapons in Iraq, America occupied this country in 2003. And after some time, America held a formal [Not real] court and trial for Saddam Hussein that had been apparently held for trial of Saddam for his crimes America did not allow that the issue of the imposed war of Iraq against Iran was discussed in that court. But Saddam - during one of these sessions of the trial - proudly confessed to chemical bombardment of different regions of Iran and killing and injury of thousands of not - military Iranian people.
Iran could not how ever bring up the file of war crimes of Saddam in this court of trial; but we should not neglect and ignore the Arab, European and American partners of Saddam that supported him through financial aids, information transferring and obtaining weapons which caused killing and injury of hundreds of thousand of youth, children as well as old women and men just because they wanted to protect the independence and freedom of their home land by their financial, information and weapon providing helps given to Saddam; because a large number of these people are free at the present time. Some of them have changed their political appearance and method of dialogue and intend to eliminate their foot prints in encouraging and equipping the Ba’th Regime of Iraq for using the forbidden weapons, “Chemical Weapons”? in particular.
We should remind the fact that beside the criminal actions of Saddam and the Ba’th Regime of Iraq during the 8 years of the imposed war of Iraq against Iran, we can call the European and American companies as the main criminals of causing tragic events such as chemical attacks to Sardasht City, Halabcheh City and also committing thousands of terrible humanitarian disasters during the eight years of sacred defense of Iran against Iraq. And these European and American companies should be tried judicially if a court and trial of justice is held. And while following up required activities for receiving compensation from Iraq, Iran should follow up activities for receiving the minimum of materialistic losses that had been caused for the Iranian nation from the European and American countries that equipped Saddam with different types of mass killing and chemical weapons.

According to the report of Navideshahed; when the imposed war began on Shahrivar 31st, 1359 [September 22nd, 1980] and the wide attacks of Saddam to the border regions in south and west of Iran, the resistance of people and the Iranian combatants prevented the Iraqi forces to move ahead in our country. And in order to break the resistance of people and Iranian combatants, the Ba’th Regime of Iraq used modern and forbidden weapons. And the military officials of Iran started training combatants and established specialized units in every battalion in order to resist against these forbidden weapons. This action was carried out when the Ba’th Regime of Iraq increased using those chemical weapons. Since the army of Iraq was dependant on the Eastern Europe, this army had a unit under the name of “Chemical Battles”? from the beginning of war. But in spite of the fact that the army of Iran was equipped with western and American military system did not have any experiences regarding such weapons. The army of Iran had merely limited chemical departments. The expression of “Ch,M,N”? was the abbreviation of three words of Chemical, Microbe and Nuclear weapons. And before the beginning of war, this unit existed in the army of Iran in a very limited form. But following increase of chemical attacks from Iraq during the imposed war, Sepah Pasdaran [The Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution] launched an organization in 1982 that had been named as “Ch,M,R”? which was the abbreviation of Chemical, Microbe and Radio Active. The Ba’th Regime of Iraq used these weapons in limited scale and as experiments before “Valfajr 2”? Operation”?. But following Iraq’s use from these weapons against the residents of border regions in Piranshahr Region (Haj Omran Base) and some of the high places in western battle fields on Tir 29th, 1361 [July 12th, 1982], the Organization of Battle of Sepah Pasdaran [The Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution] was equipped with “Ch,M,R”? unit in order to resist against the chemical attacks of Iraq. Since then, Sepah Pasdaran started to obtain equipments for its forces. And any division had one unit and every base had one battalion of equipments for resisting against chemical attacks. And little by little and following increase of use of chemical weapons by the Iraqi forces, these units were expanded to brigades. The first informal report on the use of Iraq from these weapons has been registered in Shalamcheh Border on Mehr 14th, 1359 [October 6th, 1980]. This chemical weapon had been registered as Mustard Gas. And the first formal report that can be considered as document has been the aerial bombardment of Mehran Region that was done on Dey, 10th, 1359 [December 31st, 1980]. This chemical weapon damages nerves of people and left 40 injured people and 10 martyrs. “Kheybar”? Operation was the first operation in which Iraq vastly used chemical weapons. And during the imposed war, widest range of use of chemical weapons by Iraq has been in “Valfajr 8”? Operation (The operation of freeing Faav Region) and “Karbala 8”? Operation in the eastern part of Dejleh River in Shalamcheh Region. According to reports on these chemical weapons and their effects; more than 50 percent of chemical attacks made by the Ba’th Regime of Iraq against Iran had caused damages on skin; 25 percent of them had caused damages on nerves (Tabun, Sarin and unknown elements); 15 percent caused damages in blood of people and 10 percent had the combination of elements that caused suffocation, damages on skin or nerves, damages on min, the elements that caused disability and ruining the system of body, causing fire and in unique cases, the elements have been reported that have been suspicious to be microbe weapon. Bombardment air planes were the major war equipments that were used for dropping these chemical weapons on different places during the war. It has been also observed in some cases in Khorramshahr City that they used the following weapons in order to spread their chemical weapons: Katyusha, RPG and different mortar shells as well as shells of tanks, shells and some times in grenade. These chemical weapons would be distinguished in the form of chemical clouds with the colors of blue, yellow and orange. During the eight years of the imposed war of the Ba’th Regime of Iraq against Iran, more than 200 governmental and private countries that were from Europe and America cooperated with Iraq in equipping Iraq with different kinds of weapons, chemical weapons in particular. And among different European and American countries, Germany has been the largest equipper of Iraq with chemical weapons. And it has been registered in the file of war crimes of the Ba’th Regime of Iraq. In spite of the fact that most of the companies that equipped Iraq with chemical weapons were the German companies; but other countries such as America, England, France, Italy, Russia, Yugoslavia, Switzerland, Finland, Holland, Scotland, Belgium, Sweden and etc. And the related companies to them directly cooperated with Iraq in obtaining materials and production of such type of weapons. These countries had launched factories under the fake title of production of chemical pesticides and insecticides in “Akasheh”? and “Samera”? cities. These countries sent agents to these factories in order to transfer the required knowledge and technology to them and produce different chemical elements that damage skin or causes suffocation and causes problems in breathing and nerves or causes problems for eyes and blood of people and combatants. After eight years of unequal war of Iraq against Iran, the United Nations Security Council issued the Resolution 598 regarding cease fire in Tir Month of 1367 [June of 1988]. But the formal cease fire between Iran and Iraq occurred on Mordad 29th, 1367 [July 20th, 1988]. The cease fire had occurred after few military operations of Iraq carried out in Iran that resulted in the victory of Iran in “Mersad”? Operation. Based on the executive article of the resolution of the United Nations Security Council, it was decided that a committee was formed in the United Nations and the aggressor country would be recognized and announced and also the amount of damages would be identified. It had been also decided that an international fund would be predicted for helping to the people who had been damaged by the war of Iran and Iraq. But unfortunately, this fund was never launched and there was only one article of the resolution that came to the action. And it was exchanging the war captives between the two countries of Iran and Iraq. In spite of the fact that “Article 6”? of Resolution 598 issued by the United Nations Security Council stated that the beginner of the war should be recognized and announced; but there had been no statement that showed that Iraq had been the aggressor in the war against Iran. As a matter of fact and after few years on Azar 18th, 1370 [December 9th, 1991] and following the invasion of Iraq to Kuwait, the Secretary - General of the United Nations Organization, international societies and even the countries of the region that supported Saddam in the war against Iran announced that the aggressor to Kuwait is the same beginner of war against Iran. It was years after that when America intended to omit Saddam who had not use for him any more. By the excuse of existence of chemical and nuclear weapons in Iraq, America occupied this country in 2003. And after some time, America held a formal [Not real] court and trial for Saddam Hussein that had been apparently held for trial of Saddam for his crimes America did not allow that the issue of the imposed war of Iraq against Iran was discussed in that court. But Saddam - during one of these sessions of the trial - proudly confessed to chemical bombardment of different regions of Iran and killing and injury of thousands of not - military Iranian people. Iran could not how ever bring up the file of war crimes of Saddam in this court of trial; but we should not neglect and ignore the Arab, European and American partners of Saddam that supported him through financial aids, information transferring and obtaining weapons which caused killing and injury of hundreds of thousand of youth, children as well as old women and men just because they wanted to protect the independence and freedom of their home land by their financial, information and weapon providing helps given to Saddam; because a large number of these people are free at the present time. Some of them have changed their political appearance and method of dialogue and intend to eliminate their foot prints in encouraging and equipping the Ba’th Regime of Iraq for using the forbidden weapons, “Chemical Weapons”? in particular. We should remind the fact that beside the criminal actions of Saddam and the Ba’th Regime of Iraq during the 8 years of the imposed war of Iraq against Iran, we can call the European and American companies as the main criminals of causing tragic events such as chemical attacks to Sardasht City, Halabcheh City and also committing thousands of terrible humanitarian disasters during the eight years of sacred defense of Iran against Iraq. And these European and American companies should be tried judicially if a court and trial of justice is held. And while following up required activities for receiving compensation from Iraq, Iran should follow up activities for receiving the minimum of materialistic losses that had been caused for the Iranian nation from the European and American countries that equipped Saddam with different types of mass killing and chemical weapons.
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